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Implications of Anion Structure on Physicochemical Properties of DBU-Based Protic Ionic Liquids

TitleImplications of Anion Structure on Physicochemical Properties of DBU-Based Protic Ionic Liquids
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsG. Souza, De Araujo Lim, Di Pietro M.E., Castiglione F., Mezencio P.H. Marques, P. Martinez Fazzio Martins, Mariani A., Schütz H.M., Passerini S., Middendorf M., Schönhoff M., Triolo A., Appetecchi Giovanni Battista, and Mele A.
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
KeywordsAnion structures, Electrochemical devices, Electrolytes, Ionic liquids, Key factors, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, performance, Physicochemical properties, Physicochemical property, Positive ions, Property, Protic ionic liquids, Structural feature, Technical applications, Thermoanalysis, Volatile organic solvents

Protic ionic liquids (PILs) are potential candidates as electrolyte components in energy storage devices. When replacing flammable and volatile organic solvents, PILs are expected to improve the safety and performance of electrochemical devices. Considering their technical application, a challenging task is the understanding of the key factors governing their intermolecular interactions and physicochemical properties. The present work intends to investigate the effects of the structural features on the properties of a promising PIL based on the 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBUH+) cation and the (trifluoromethanesulfonyl)(nonafluorobutanesulfonyl)imide (IM14-) anion, the latter being a remarkably large anion with an uneven distribution of the C-F pool between the two sides of the sulfonylimide moieties. For comparison purposes, the experimental investigations were extended to PILs composed of the same DBU-based cation and the trifluoromethanesulfonate (TFO-) or bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI-) anion. The combined use of multiple NMR methods, thermal analyses, density, viscosity, and conductivity measurements provides a deep characterization of the PILs, unveiling peculiar behaviors in DBUH-IM14, which cannot be predicted solely on the basis of differences between aqueous pKa values of the protonated base and the acid (ΔpKa). Interestingly, the thermal and electrochemical properties of DBUH-IM14 turn out to be markedly governed by the size and asymmetric nature of the anion. This observation highlights that the structural features of the precursors are an important tool to tailor the PIL's properties according to the specific application. © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.


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Citation KeyDeAraujoLimaESouza2022