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Assessing genotoxic effects of plastic leachates in Drosophila melanogaster

TitoloAssessing genotoxic effects of plastic leachates in Drosophila melanogaster
Tipo di pubblicazioneArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Anno di Pubblicazione2024
AutoriCappucci, Ugo, Proietti Mirena, Casale Assunta Maria, Schiavo Simona, Chiavarini Salvatore, Accardo Sara, Manzo Sonia, and Piacentini Lucia
Type of ArticleArticle

Plastic polymers were largely added with chemical substances to be utilized in the items and product manufacturing. The leachability of these substances is a matter of concern given the wide amount of plastic waste, particularly in terrestrial environments, where soil represents a sink for these novel contaminants and a possible pathway of human health risk. In this study, we integrated genetic, molecular, and behavioral approaches to comparatively evaluate toxicological effects of plastic leachates, virgin and oxodegradable polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE), in Drosophila melanogaster, a novel in vivo model organism for environmental monitoring studies and (eco)toxicological research. The results of this study revealed that while conventional toxicological endpoints such as developmental times and longevity remain largely unaffected, exposure to plastic leachates induces chromosomal abnormalities and transposable element (TE) activation in neural tissues. The combined effects of DNA damage and TE mobilization contribute to genome instability and increase the likelihood of LOH events, thus potentiating tumor growth and metastatic behavior ofRasV12 clones. Collectively, these findings indicate that plastic leachates exert genotoxic effects in Drosophila thus highlighting potential risks associated with leachate-related plastic pollution and their implications for ecosystems and human health. © 2024 The Authors


Cited by: 0; All Open Access, Hybrid Gold Open Access

Citation KeyCappucci2024
PubMed ID38821133